5α-Reductase inhibitors (e.g. finasteride, dutasteride) inhibit PSA levels by about 50% by decreasing DHT concentration.
Trans women aged 18-50 years (median 30 years) treated with 100 mg/day cyproterone acetate had the following PSA response:
a Only 17 of the original 31 subjects were analyzed at the 12 month mark.
The following reference ranges are for serum concentrations. Serum PSA levels may be increased by prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and recent ejaculation.
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