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# Social Media for Academic Conferences

By Achintya Rao

This guide will be updated as often as is needed, and can be found online at
https://www.penflip.com/RaoOfPhysics/social-media-for-academic-conferences or http://bit.ly/confsocialmedia (note the lowercase).

## Topics covered
1. Introduction
1. Platforms
1. Twitter
1. Facebook
1. Google+
1. Blogging
1. Before, during and after the conference
1. Calendering and timetables
1. Volunteer merch / signposting

## 1. Introduction

### 1.1. Why use social media for your conference?

So you're the organisers of the biggest conference in [insert field here]!

## 2. Platforms

### 2.1. Twitter

#### 2.1.1. Jargon

##### Tweet

A 140-character update posted to Twitter.

##### Mention (@)

You can use the at symbol to tag other Twitter accounts. If I wanted to tag the [CMS Experiment at CERN](http://cern.ch/cms) in my tweet, I could say:
> Today I went nearly 100 metres underground to see the [@CMSexperiment](https://twitter.com/CMSexperiment)!

##### Hashtag

A form of tagging to provide context to your tweets. A Word or a PhraseWithoutSpaces preceeded by the hash sign (#). So:

> Today I went nearly 100 metres underground to see the [@CMSexperiment](https://twitter.com/CMSexperiment)! [#LHC](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23LHC) [#unnecessaryhashtags](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23unnecessaryhashtag) [#superfluoushashtag](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23superfluoushashtag) [#justalongtagiamusingasahashtagforreasons](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23justalongtagiamusingasahashtagforreasons)

##### Re-tweet (RT)

A re-tweet is when you share someone else's tweet with your followers. Typically, you would click on the "re-tweet" button. However, you can also copy the content of the tweet and share it as an update of your own; to do so with the above tweet, you would say:

> RT [@RaoOfPhysics](https://twitter.com/RaoOfPhysics): Today I went nearly 100 metres underground to see the [@CMSexperiment](https://twitter.com/CMSexperiment)! [#LHC](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23LHC) [#unnecessaryhashtags](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23unnecessaryhashtag) [#superfluoushashtag](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23superfluoushashtag) [#justalongwordiamusingas](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23jjustalongwordiamusingas)

You will notice, though, that the last hashtag there is truncated: you've used too many characters. You therefore decide to delete that entire hashtag, or reduce "metres" to simply "m", or modify my original tweet in some way. Which brings us to…

##### Modified tweet (MT)

It is common courtesy that if you modify someone's tweet, you acknowledge it by using MT instead of RT:

> MT [@RaoOfPhysics](https://twitter.com/RaoOfPhysics): Today I went nearly 100 metres underground to see the [@CMSexperiment](https://twitter.com/CMSexperiment)! [#LHC](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23LHC) [#unnecessaryhashtags](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23unnecessaryhashtag) [#superfluoushashtag](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23superfluoushashtag)


##### Heard through / Hat tip (HT)

If you've come across a link or some information via someone, it's good practice to mention this in your tweet:

> I learnt that [@CMSexperiment](http://twitter.com/CMSexperiment) at [@CERN](https://twitter.com/CERN) is located nearly 100 metres underground! HT [@RaoOfPhysics](https://twitter.com/RaoOfPhysics)

#### 2.1.2. Tools
##### Widgets
##### Tweetdeck
##### Mobile apps

#### 2.1.3. Recommendations

’re the organisers of the biggest conference in [insert field here]!

## 2. Platforms

### 2.1. Twitter

**Twitter** is a microblogging service that allows users to post short updates, which can be public or protected. You do not need an account to view public tweets, though. Twitter should probably be your main platform, as a conference organiser.

You can create Twitter accounts for individuals, organisations or fictional entities/characters. To create one for your conference (be sure to pick an appropriate username — see more below), go to [https://twitter.com/signup](https://twitter.com/signup).

#### 2.1.1. Jargon

Term | Explanation | Example
:---|:---|:---
**Username or “Handle”** | Your “handle” on Twitter is your identity. Keep it short! Any time someone mentions you on Twitter, they’re using up characters. Make it relevant to your (your organisation’s) identity. You can always change your Twitter handle but it isn’t a good idea if you have a large number of followers. | [@RaoOfPhysics](https://twitter.com/RaoOfPhysics)
**Tweet** | A single update posted to Twitter (up to 140 characters each) is called a tweet. You can include hyperlinks, upload image files (which must be 5MB for regular images or 3MB for animated GIFs) and more, as long as you stick to 140 characters. | Today I went nearly underground to see the CMS Experiment at CERN!
**Mention or tag (@)** | You can use the at symbol to tag other Twitter accounts. | Today I went nearly 100 metres underground to see the [@CMSexperiment](https://twitter.com/CMSexperiment)!
**Hashtag** | A form of tagging to provide context to your tweets. A Word or a PhraseWithoutSpaces preceeded by the hash sign (#). | Today I went nearly 100 metres underground to see the [@CMSexperiment](https://twitter.com/CMSexperiment)! [#LHC](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23LHC) [#unnecessaryhashtags](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23unnecessaryhashtag) [#superfluoushashtag](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23superfluoushashtag) [#justalongtagiamusingasahashtagforreasons](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23justalongtagiamusingasahashtagforreasons)
**Re-tweet (RT)** | A re-tweet is when you share someone else’s tweet with your followers. Typically, you would click on the “re-tweet” button. However, you can also copy the content of the tweet and share it as an update of your own; to do so with the above tweet, as shown in the example. You will notice, though, that the last hashtag there is truncated: you’ve used too many characters. You therefore decide to delete that entire hashtag, or reduce “metres” to simply “m”, or modify my original tweet in some way (see MT below). | RT [@RaoOfPhysics](https://twitter.com/RaoOfPhysics): Today I went nearly 100 metres underground to see the [@CMSexperiment](https://twitter.com/CMSexperiment)! [#LHC](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23LHC) [#unnecessaryhashtags](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23unnecessaryhashtag) [#superfluoushashtag](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23superfluoushashtag) [#justalongwordiamusingas](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23jjustalongwordiamusingas)
**Modified tweet (MT)** | It is common courtesy that if you modify someone’s tweet, you acknowledge it by using MT instead of RT. | MT [@RaoOfPhysics](https://twitter.com/RaoOfPhysics): Today I went nearly 100 metres underground to see the [@CMSexperiment](https://twitter.com/CMSexperiment)! [#LHC](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23LHC) [#unnecessaryhashtags](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23unnecessaryhashtag) [#superfluoushashtag](https://twitter.com/search?f=realtime&q=%23superfluoushashtag)
**Heard through / Hat tip (HT)** | If you’ve come across a link or some information via someone, it’s good practice to mention this in your tweet. | I learnt that [@CMSexperiment](http://twitter.com/CMSexperiment) at [@CERN](https://twitter.com/CERN) is located nearly 100 metres underground! HT [@RaoOfPhysics](https://twitter.com/RaoOfPhysics)

#### 2.1.2. Tools
##### Widgets

A widget allows you to embed Twitter feeds directly onto your website. You can create them for a single user, a search term (useful for showing all tweets from the hashtag of your conference), lists and more. Details can be found at [https://twitter.com/settings/widgets/new/user](https://twitter.com/settings/widgets/new/user), but you will need a Twitter account to access the page.

##### TweetDeck

TweetDeck is a popular tool for monitoring and posting to Twitter. You can add multiple columns that track your feeds and notifications as well as feeds from specific accounts or hashtags. You can also have multiple accounts logged in at the same time, for example your personal account as well as your organisational/conference account. More information at [https://about.twitter.com/products/tweetdeck](https://about.twitter.com/products/tweetdeck).

##### Mobile apps

While you can log in to Twitter on your mobile devices by going to [https://mobile.twitter.com/](https://mobile.twitter.com/), you might find it more useful to use the official apps for Android and iOS, links to which can be found at [https://twitter.com/download](https://twitter.com/download).

#### 2.1.3. Recommendations

* Hashtag
* Conference account
* Re-tweet policy
* Wall of tweets


### 2.2. Facebook

#### 2.2.1. Whose account / page?

#### 2.2.2. Events

### 2.3. Google+

#### 2.3.1. Whose account / page?

#### 2.3.2. Events

#### 2.3.3. Hangout On Air

### 2.4. Blogging

## 3. Before, during and after the conference

## 4. Calendaring and timetables

Pathable / Google Calendar / Indico

## 5. Volunteer merch / signposting