Updated chapter5.txt

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chapter5
# Section 5: Measuring Performance

How can we translate abstract organizational goals into tangible outcomes that can be easily measured? What types of metrics and performance indicators have worked well in specific organizations? What are the limits to a performance or outcome-based perspective in the public sector (or alternatively, what types of programs will be difficult to track)?

## Validity and Reliability

_Kimberlin, C. L., & Winterstein, A. G. (2008). Validity and reliability of measurement instruments used in research. Am J Health Syst Pharm, 65(23), 2276-84._

Author: Hanson, Keely; Editor: Hanson, Keely


## Key Performance Indicators

_USAID (1996). Performance Monitoring and Evaluating Tips: Selecting Performance Indicators._

Author: Checksfield, Molly Wentworth; Editor: McCully, James I
**Overview**
Organizations like USAID use performance indicators to determine a program's success in achieving its objectives, and serve as an extremely valuable part of an organization's reflection process while working towards objectives.
These mMeasures of success are important because they produce quantitative indicies of how a program is prgressing towards its intended goals and outcomes. Many organizations have difficulties most efficiently.


## SMART Criteria
_SMART Criteria for Performance Measurement._

Author: Rodriguez Ranf, Daniela; Editor: Gobbo, Andre Francis